Kodi mipingo ya Khristu ndi ndani?
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Kodi mipingo ya Khristu ndi ndani?

Ndi: Batsell Barrett Baxter

Mmodzi mwa oyamba oyambirira kubwerera ku New Testament Christianity, monga njira yokwaniritsira umodzi wa okhulupirira onse mwa Khristu, anali James O'Kelly wa Mpingo wa Methodist Episcopal. Mu 1793 adachoka pamsonkhano wa Baltimore wa tchalitchi chake ndipo adaitana ena kuti adziphatikize naye kutenga Baibulo ngati lokhalo. Chikoka chake chimakhudzidwa kwambiri ku Virginia ndi North Carolina pomwe mbiri yakale imanena kuti olankhulana pafupifupi zikwi zisanu ndi ziwiri adatsata utsogoleri wake kuti abwerere ku Chikhristu choyambirira cha Chipangano Chatsopano.

Mu 1802 kayendedwe kotere pakati pa Abaptisti ku New England kunatsogoleredwa ndi Abner Jones ndi Elias Smith. Iwo ankadandaula za "mayina ndi zikhulupiriro zachipembedzo" ndipo anaganiza kuti azivala okha dzina lachikhristu, kutenga Baibulo ngati otsogolera okha. Mu 1804, kumadzulo kwa dziko la Kentucky, Barton W. Stone ndi alaliki ena a Chipresbateria anachitanso zomwezo povomereza kuti angatenge Baibulo ngati "njira yeniyeni yowongoka kumwamba." Thomas Campbell, ndi mwana wake wokongola, Alexander Campbell, adachitanso chimodzimodzi m'chaka cha 1809 m'dera lomwe tsopano ndi West Virginia. Iwo anatsutsa kuti palibe chomwe chiyenera kumangiriridwa pa Akhristu monga chiphunzitso chomwe sichinali chakale monga Chipangano Chatsopano. Ngakhale kuti kayendedwe kotereyi kanali kosasunthika pamayambiriro awo potsiriza iwo adakhala gulu limodzi lobwezeretsa chifukwa cha cholinga chawo ndi pempho. Amuna awa sanalimbikitse kuyamba kwa tchalitchi chatsopano, koma kubwerera ku mpingo wa Khristu monga momwe tafotokozera m'Baibulo.

Anthu a mpingo wa Khristu samadzimva kuti mpingo watsopano unayamba pafupi ndi kuyamba kwa zaka za 19th. M'malo mwake, kayendetsedwe kameneka kamapangidwa kuti abereke nthawi yomwe mpingo unakhazikitsidwa pachiyambi pa Pentekoste, AD 30. Mphamvu ya pempholi ili mu kubwezeretsedwa kwa mpingo woyamba wa Khristu.

Ndilo pempho la mgwirizano wachipembedzo wochokera m'Baibulo. M'dziko lachipembedzo logawikana amakhulupirira kuti Baibulo ndilo lokhalo lotheka lomwe limakhala lodziwika bwino lomwe anthu ambiri oopa Mulungu a dzikoli, omwe si onse, angagwirizane. Ili ndi pempho lobwezera ku Baibulo. Ndi pempho loyankhula kumene Baibulo likulankhula ndikukhala chete pamene Baibulo silinena chilichonse pa nkhani zokhudza chipembedzo. Izi zikugogomezera kuti m'zonse zipembedzo ziyenera kukhala "Atero Ambuye" pa zonse zomwe zachitika. Cholinga ndi mgwirizano wa chipembedzo mwa okhulupilira onse mwa Khristu. Maziko ndi Chipangano Chatsopano. Njirayi ndi kubwezeretsedwa kwa Chikhristu Chatsopano.

Chiwerengero chodalirika chaposachedwapa chimatchula mipingo yambiri ya 15,000 ya Khristu. "Christian Herald," buku lachipembedzo lomwe limapereka ziwerengero zokhudzana ndi mipingo yonse, limalingalira kuti umembala wathunthu wa mipingo ya Khristu tsopano ndi 2,000,000. Pali amuna oposa 7000 omwe amalalikira poyera. Umodzi wa tchalitchi ndi wovuta kwambiri m'mayiko akumwera a United States, makamaka Tennessee ndi Texas, ngakhale kuti mipingo ilipo m'mayiko makumi asanu ndi limodzi komanso m'mayiko oposa makumi asanu ndi atatu. Kuwonjezeka kwaumishonale kwakhala kwakukulu kwambiri kuyambira pa nkhondo yachiŵiri yapadziko lonse ku Ulaya, Asia ndi Africa. Oposa 450 ogwira ntchito nthawi zonse amathandizidwa ku mayiko akunja. Mipingo ya Khristu tsopano ili ndi mamembala asanu ndi atatu omwe amafotokozedwa mu US Census Census of 1936.

Potsatira ndondomeko ya bungwe lopezeka m'Chipangano Chatsopano, mipingo ya Khristu ndi yodzilamulira. Chikhulupiriro chawo chofala mu Baibulo ndi kutsatira ziphunzitso zake ndizogwirizana zazikulu zomwe zimamangiriza pamodzi. Palibe likulu la mpingo, ndipo palibe bungwe lapamwamba kuposa akulu a mpingo uliwonse. Mipingo imagwirizanitsa modzipereka pochirikiza ana amasiye ndi okalamba, polalikira uthenga m'madera atsopano, ndi ntchito zina zomwezo.

Anthu a mpingo wa Khristu amayendetsa makoleji makumi anayi ndi masukulu apamwamba, komanso nyumba za ana amasiye makumi asanu ndi awiri mphambu asanu ndi asanu komanso nyumba za okalamba. Pali pafupifupi magazini a 40 ndi nthawi zina zofalitsidwa ndi mamembala a mpingo. Pulogalamu ya wailesi yakanema ndi TV, yotchedwa "The Herald of Truth" imathandizidwa ndi mpingo wa Highland Avenue ku Abilene, Texas. Ndalama zambiri za pachaka za $ 1,200,000 zaperekedwa mwaufulu chifukwa cha mipingo ina ya Khristu. Pulogalamu ya pawailesi imamveketsedwa pazolesi za 800, pomwe pulogalamu yamapulogalamu yakanema ikuwoneka pazinthu zoposa 150. Pulogalamu ina yowona zailesi yotchedwa "World Radio" imakhala ndi malo osungiramo zinthu za 28 ku Brazil yokha, ndipo ikugwira ntchito bwino ku United States ndi mayiko ena akunja, ndipo ikupangidwa m'zinenero za 14. Pulogalamu yamakono yofalitsa m'magazini oyang'anira dziko anayamba mu November 1955.

Palibe misonkhano, misonkhano yamwaka, kapena mabuku. "Chimanga chomwe chimamanga" ndi kukhulupirika kwachizoloŵezi ku mfundo za kubwezeretsedwa kwa Chipangano Chatsopano cha Chikhristu.

Mumpingo uliwonse, umene wakhalapo nthawi yaitali kuti ukhale wokonzeka bwino, pali akulu kapena akuluakulu ambiri omwe amatumikira monga bungwe lolamulira. Amunawa amasankhidwa ndi mipingo ya komweko chifukwa cha ziyeneretso zomwe zalembedwa m'malemba (1 Timothy 3: 1-8). Kutumikira pansi pa akulu ndi madikoni, aphunzitsi, ndi alaliki kapena atumiki. Otsatirawa alibe ulamuliro wofanana kapena wamkulu kuposa akulu. Akulu ndi abusa kapena oyang'anira amene amatumikira pansi pa umutu wa Khristu malingana ndi Chipangano Chatsopano, chomwe ndi mtundu wa malamulo. Palibe ulamuliro wapadziko lapansi woposa akulu a mpingo wamba.

Zolemba zoyambirira za mabuku makumi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu asanu ndi limodzi omwe amapanga Baibulo amaonedwa kuti ndi ouziridwa ndi Mulungu, omwe amatanthawuzira kuti iwo ndi osalephera komanso ovomerezeka. Kutchulidwa kwa malemba kumapangidwira kuthetsa funso lililonse lachipembedzo. Chilengezo cha malembo chimatengedwa kuti ndi mawu otsiriza. Buku loyamba la mpingo ndi maziko a kulalikira konse ndi Baibulo.

Inde. Mawu a Yesaya 7: 14 imatengedwa monga uneneri wa kubadwa kwa namwali wa Khristu. Mavesi atsopano a Chipangano Chatsopano monga Mateyo 1: 20, 25, amavomerezedwa pamtengo wapatali monga zizindikiro za kubadwa kwa namwali. Khristu amavomerezedwa ngati Mwana wobadwa yekha wa Mulungu, akugwirizanitsa mwa umunthu wake mulungu wangwiro ndi umunthu wangwiro.

Ndimangotanthauza kuti Mulungu adakonzeratu olungama kuti apulumutsidwe kosatha ndi osalungama kuti adzatayika kosatha. Mawu a mtumwi Petro akuti, "Zoonadi, ndizindikira kuti Mulungu salemekeza anthu; koma m'mitundu yonse amene amamuopa ndichita chilungamo amlandiridwa" (Machitidwe 10: 34-35.) Amatengedwa ngati umboni wakuti Mulungu sadakonzeratu anthu kuti apulumutsidwe kapena kuwonongeka, koma kuti munthu aliyense adziŵe zam'tsogolo.

Mau oti kubatiza amachokera ku mawu achigriki akuti "baptizo" ndipo amatanthawuza kuti, "kuthira, kumiza, kukwera." Kuwonjezera pa tanthawuzo lenileni la mawu, kumizidwa kumachitika chifukwa chinali chizoloŵezi cha tchalitchi mu nthawi za utumwi. Zowonjezerapo, kumizidwa kokha kumagwirizana ndi kufotokoza za ubatizo monga momwe adalembedwera ndi mtumwi Paulo mu Aroma 6: 3-5 kumene amalankhula za kuikidwa mmanda ndi kuukitsidwa.

Ayi. Ndi okha omwe afika "m'badwo wa kuyankha" amavomerezedwa kuti abatizidwe. Zimanenedwa kuti zitsanzo zomwe zaperekedwa mu Chipangano Chatsopano nthawi zonse ndi za iwo amene amva uthenga wabwino ukulalikidwa ndikukhulupirira. Chikhulupiriro chiyenera nthawi zonse chisanachitike kubatizidwa, kotero okhawo okalamba omwe amatha kumvetsetsa ndikukhulupirira Uthenga Wabwino amaonedwa ngati oyenerera kubatizidwa.

Ayi. Atumiki kapena alaliki a tchalitchi alibe udindo wapaderadera. Iwo samavala mutu wa Abusa kapena Abambo, koma amangotchulidwa mwachindunji ndi nthawi M'bale monga amuna ena onse a tchalitchi. Pamodzi ndi akulu ndi ena amapereka uphungu ndikuwalangiza omwe akufuna thandizo.

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